Cosmetic plastic surgery is a type of plastic surgery that is usually aimed at improving a person’s aesthetic appearance. It has been termed as a non-essential and elective type of plastic surgery. Many different factors influence the decisions to have cosmetic surgery depending on individual needs. These reasons determine the type of cosmetic surgery to be undertaken.
The Common Types Of Cosmetic Surgeries
This is also known as the tummy tuck. It is aimed at reaffirming and reshaping the stomach. The excess fact and skin is removed from the lower and the middle of the stomach. This procedure usually tightens the facial abdominal wall and the abdominal muscles. This surgery is common among people who have lost a lot of weight and women after pregnancy. It removes the sagging skin around the stomach and may improve stretch marks appearance especially below the navel. However, it is important to identify malnutrition cases amongst massive weight loss patients before the surgery is carried out. This will primarily reduce surgical complications, improve scar quality, accelerate wound healing and boost the energy patient levels.
This is the surgery of the eyelid. It involves reshaping of the eyelid or a permanent application of an eyeliner. This procedure is either cosmetic or functional, or sometimes both. It modifies the lower or upper lid by repositioning or removing excess tissue. It may involve the reinforcing of the surrounding tendons and muscles as well. Eyelid surgery can greatly improve the vision amongst people with drooping eyelids.
This is also referred to as face-lifting and is usually done to get rid of wrinkles and give a younger face. The excess skin on the face is removed without tightening the underlying tissue. The skin is then re-draped on the neck or face of the patient. There are many ways to do facelifts; however, the most common way involves making an incision at the front of the ear that curves around the bottom of the ear and extends to the hairline, and then bending it. The skin is separated from the deeper tissues with a scissors or scalpel over the neck and cheeks. Stitches are used to tighten the deeper tissues, and the excess tissue is removed. The incisions are then sutured to complete the procedure
This is a cosmetic surgery aimed at modeling fat. It is the surgical removal of fats around the thighs, abdomen, hips, back, neck and arms. Breast reduction may also be achieved through liposuction. This is not a form of reducing weight but can remove a lot of fat at ago. The amounts of fat removed depend on the method employed in the procedure. A cannula is used is passed through the fatty tissue, a pump is then attached to create a vacuum and fat is sucked out. For effective procedure, a motor may be attached to the cannula to make it vibrate hence pull out as much fat as possible. In other cases, an ultrasonic generator is used to produce waves that break fats cells which are then sucked out. Excessive removal of fat, however, poses high risks of complications to the patient .
This is a form of cosmetic surgery targeted at adjusting the breasts and is sub-divided into the following three categories.
a. Breast Augmentation
This is usually aimed at enlarging breasts in women and is one of the most common cosmetic procedures. The procedure is done with saline, silicone gel prosthetics or fat grafting. This is usually carried out on women who suffer micromastia (tiny breasts), whose breasts have changed after breastfeeding, whose breasts are not proportional or whose breasts change during pregnancy. Breast implants are also considered for patients of mastectomy to replace the removed tissue, especially in cases of breast cancer. Most women who undergo breast argumentation aim at boosting their self-esteem and creating positive feelings about their sexuality
b. Breast reduction
This involves the removal of the glandular tissue and skin to make the breast smaller. This cosmetic surgery suits women who suffer from gigantomastia. These women have extremely big breasts that usually cause back and shoulder pains. The surgery helps to remove the physical discomfort that come with enormous breasts and also reduces the risk of having breast cancer amongst women.
This is male breast reduction. It is suitable for men with abnormally large mammary glands. Gynecomastia may be on one or both breasts and is common among the male populations in Western Europe and North America. The surgery removes the excess tissue and skin from the breast and gives back the masculine look amongst the patients.
Buttock Augmentation and Lift
Buttock argumentation is aimed at enlarging and improving buttock appearance and is in most cases a preference of women with sagging butts. Buttock lifting helps stick out the butt giving it more pert appearance. It tightens loose skin in the hips, thighs and around the front of the legs. The procedure involves the removal of skin and underlying fat to create a smooth stretch of the lower body.
This is the reduction of the labia. The surgery is carried on the labia minora or labia majora of the vulva in the female genitalia. It is aimed at reducing enlarged labia and is largely part of vaginoplasty. There is little scientific or clinical evidence to guide gynecological surgeon on the effectiveness and safety of the different vaginal procedures.
This surgery is aimed at reshaping the nose and is usually done by an otolaryngologist. This is a specialist in head to neck surgeries. Other maxillofacial and plastic surgery surgeons also carry out the procedure. Apart from improving the nose appearance, this surgery can assist in rectifying breathing problems.
This is the surgery of the ear. Most otoplasty patients are associated with abnormally large ears, abnormal ear shape, and protruding ears that stick out too much from the head. The surgery rectifies several bends in the ear cartilage.
Cosmetic surgeries can be great when done professionally with certified and experienced surgeons. However, these surgeries pose different types of risks to the patients including infection, allergic reactions, changes in sensation, damage to underlying structures, hematoma (blood accumulation beneath the skin) and unsatisfactory results.